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Major Events of 1938

1938 (Roman Numerals: MCMXXXVIII) was the 38th year of the 20th century. 1938 was not a leap year, and the first day of the year was a Saturday.

On this page, we have listed some of the major historical, news and sporting events that took place in 1938.
News Events of 1938

The Anschluss: Germany annexes Austria.

Germany demands Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia. Britain and France concede these Czech lands to Germany ("Munich Agreement").

Oil discovered in Saudi Arabia.

Orson Welles causes panic when broadcasting his radio version of The War of the Worlds.

Howard Hughes flies round the world in a record time of 91 hours.

Howard Hughes

The Beano comic is first published.

Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of Uranium.

A Coelacanth, a type of fish thought to have been extinct for many millions of years, is discovered in the waters off the coast of South Africa.


Time magazine names Adolf Hitler as "Man of the Year".

Adolf Hitler

Porky's Hare Hunt, an animated short, is the first cartoon to feature Bugs Bunny.

First ascent of North face of the Eiger.

Mexico nationalizes all foreign owned oil companies in the country.

Sports in 1938
  • Boxing:

    • Joe Louis beats German boxer Max Schmeling, to retain his title of Heavyweight Boxing World Champion, in the first round of their fight at Yankee Stadium, New York City.

  • Baseball:

    1938 World Series

    • Winning Team: New York Yankees

    • Losing Team: Chicago Cubs

  • Soccer:

    1938 FIFA World Cup:

    • Host Nation for World Cup Finals: for World Cup Finals: Italy

    • Winners: Italy

    • Runners-Up: Czechoslovakia

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